Skip to main content


(Sāksin) Sanskrit for “onlooker,” “observer,” or “witness,” from the prefix sa- (with) and the possessive noun aksin (having eyes). It is used in Indian philosophy to refer to atman (in Advaita Vedanta) or purusa (in Sankhya) as the consciousness which merely witnesses the activities of the material world, both physical and psychic, but does not actually cause those activities. The term is rarely used in theosophical literature.


© Copyright by the Theosophical Publishing House, Manila